Case Fatality Rate (CFR)

Case fatality rate (CFR) is a measure of the severity of a disease and is defined as the proportion of reported cases of a specified disease or condition which are fatal within a specified time. CFR is often used as a proxy indicator for quality of care within or as a comparative across facilities; however; this can be limited as proportionally high death rates are not always a sign of poor care.

For example a referral centre receiving a number of severe complications and late admissions may have a higher fatality rate but not necessarily worse QoC – see: http://www.who.int/gho/epidemic_diseases/cholera/case_fatality_rate_text/en/. Measure has a useful link with a definition of direct relevance to obstetric CFRs and a discussion of the value of this indicator – see: http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/prh/rh_indicators/specific/sm/direct-obstetric-case-fatality-rate

Case Fatality Rate (CFR) was last modified: May 12th, 2015 by Adrian Bannister